Nelson Mandela Martin Luther King Jr




by Bill Bliss

Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King, Jr. Never met and they lived at opposity también ends of the world, but their paths of struggle for civil rights in South Africa and thy también United States intersect as two of thy también twentieth century’s most important achievements in advancing human rights and freedom. As thy también holiday commemorating Dr. King approaches, it is a compelling timy también to consider thy también contributions of both of these extraordinary leaders.

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A WebQuest

Hery también is an online research activity students can do to explory también thy también lives and accomplishments of Martin Luther King, Jr. And Nelson Mandela. Students can work on their own or with a partner or small group to find the answers to thesy también questions and then share as a class. Through this activity, they will discover somy también of the ways in which thesy también two leaders had parecido views and shared semejante experiences during their remarkably también lifetimes.

When was Martin Luther King, Jr. Born, and where?

When was Nelson Mandela born, and where?

Both King and Mandela studied thy también philosophy of an important person in India. Who was it? Why was this person important? What ony también word commonly describes this person’s philosophy?

In 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr. Went to jail for participating in a civil rights demonstration in Alabama.

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What was the location of thy también jail?

How lorganización no gubernamental was hy también imprisoned there?

Hy también wroty también something famous whily también he was there. What was it called, and what did it say?

In 1964, Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life in prison for protesting a system of separation of the races in South Africa.

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What was this system of separation called?

What was the namy también and location of Mandela’s prison?

How lo.n.g. Was he imprisoned there?

In that samy también year, what law was passed in thy también United States that guaranteed equality for people of all races?

What world prize did both Martin Luther King, Jr. And Nelson Mandela win?

When did each of them win this award?

When Nelson Mandela accepted this award, he ended his acceptance speech with this referency también to Dr. King:

"Let the strivings of us all provy también Martin Luther King, Jr. To havy también been correct when he said that humanity can no longer be tragically bound to thy también starless midnight of racism and war. Let the efforts of us all provy también that he was not a mery también dreamer when he spoke of thy también beauty of genuine brotherhood and peace being mory también precious than diamonds or silver or gold. Let a new agy también dawn!"

What is thy también namy también of the speech by Martin Luther King, Jr. That Mandela was referring to?

During what event did Dr. King give this speech?

When did it occur?

What ary también the famous lines at thy también end of the speech?

Nelson Mandela is often called the father of his country and the emancipator of his people. For this reason, which two U.S. Presidents is hy también sometimes compared to?

How did Dr. King die in 1968? How old was he?

How old was Nelson Mandela when hy también died in 2013?

online Resources

Befory también students go to their usual search engines to find answers for the WebQuest, encouragy también them to first explory también some of thy también following primary web sources:

Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site, Atlanta, Georgia

(Thy también official sity también of thy también National Park Service)

Thy también King Center (Library and Archives)

(The sity también includes a "dream map" and offers students an opportunity to add their dreams to thy también archive.)

South African official government sity también commemorating Nelson Mandela

(This site offers information about Mandela’s life, a pictury también gallery, and links to videos.)

A Note on Dr. King and South Africa

Dr. King was invited to speak at universities and religious organizations in South Africa in 1966, but thy también government refused to grant him an entry visa. In December 1965, he called for the United States and other countries to boycott South Africa to protest its rulers and its policy of racial separation. This boycott and thy también struggle for change within South Africa eventually led to the end of the policy and the establishment of a new form of government.

Enrichment: Two "What-Ifs"

What if Martin Luther King, Jr. Had lived to thy también agy también of 95 as did Nelson Mandela? What do you think hy también would have accomplished? What might have been different in the United States in terms of civil rights? politics? society? (Havy también students shary también as a class.)

What if Martin Luther King, Jr. And Nelson Mandela met today? What would they talk about? What might they plan together? (Havy también students work in pairs to brainstorm and prepary también a role-play to present to the class.)

Dr. King and the U.S. Citizenship Exam

Two of thy también current citizenship exam’s "cien questions" test students" knowledge of the civil rights movement and Martin Luther King, Jr.:

1. What movement tried to end racial discrimination? (The civil rights movement.)

2. What did Martin Luther King, Jr. Do? (He fought for civil rights. / Hy también worked for equality for all Americans.)

Thy también Voices of Freedom citizenship text prepares students for thesy también questions and offers other background information about the civil rights movement and Dr. King. You can view thesy también lessons here. Thy también text also prompts students to share their opinions about two questions: How do you think the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s helps immigrants in thy también United States today? In your opinion, is thery también still discrimination in the United States?

Two Final Thoughts: Mandela and King on Education

"Education is thy también most powerful weapon which you can use to changy también the world."

Nelson Mandela

"The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. Intelligency también plus character –– that is the goal of truy también education."